Made in Brazil
By Irish Lace Cooperative of Divina Pastora
Of lace, Brazilian Intangible Cultural Heritage
Description Exquisite, delicate lace runner timeless in beauty and tireless in detail.
Dimensions 58" L x 18" W
Availability Generally ships within 2 weeks.
Renda Irlandesa, or "Irish lace", is a traditional lacework produced by a women's cooperative in Divina Pastora in northeastern Brazil. This type of needlework originated in Europe, possibly northern Italy, in the sixteenth or seventeenth centuries. This tradition was continued in Irish convents, from which it spread to other regions. Strong European influences of the 19th century introduced renda irlandesa to northeastern Brazil. In particular, during this period, nuns played an important role in the education of Brazilian women. French colonists who had a notable influence during this period are also believed to have introduced women's educational texts that detailed this type of needlework. Through these various European influences, renda irlandesa was introduced to women in northeastern Brazil who have passed down its techniques for generations. In 2009, 24 distinct Divina Pastora lace patterns were recognized as Brazilian Patrimônio Cultural, or Intangible Cultural Heritage.
Brazilian Intangible Cultural Heritage is a designation of the Brazilian National Historical and Artistic Heritage Institute created in the 1930s with the objective to preserve tangible and intangible historical patrimony, as defined by Article 216 of the Brazilian Constitution. According to UNESCO, "intangible cultural heritage or living heritage is the mainspring of our cultural diversity and its maintenance a guarantee for continuing creativity," including traditional craftsmanship and must be: "transmitted from generation to generation; constantly recreated by communities and groups, in response to their environment, their interaction with nature, and their history; provides communities and groups with a sense of identity and continuity; promotes respect for cultural diversity and human creativity; is compatible with international human rights instruments; and complies with the requirements of mutual respect among communities, and of sustainable development."